fruit wine Notes: This is wine made from fruit other than grapes. Substitutes: fruit liqueur
berry wine Notes: These wines are made from berries, including blackberries, loganberries, cranberries, elderberries, strawberries, raspberries, kiwi fruit, boysenberries, and currants. They tend to be very sweet, and some are fortified to raise the alcohol level. They're usually served chilled as a beverage, or poured on ice cream or fruit as a dessert. Substitutes: fruit liqueur
hard cider Notes: This is low-alcohol wine that's made from apples. It's fairly sweet, and especially popular in Normandy. Substitutes: perry (made from pears, not apples) OR apple cider (non-alcoholic)
mead = honey wine Notes: Made from fermented honey, mead is one of mankind's oldest alcoholic beverages.
perry Notes: This is wine that's made from pears. It's usually somewhat sweet, and with a low alcohol content. Substitutes: hard cider (made from apples) OR apple cider (non-alcoholic)
plum wine Notes: These are wines that are made from plums. Some producers leave the stones in while the plums are fermenting, giving the wine a bit of almond flavoring as well.
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