Liquids Category

Liquids
Includes alcoholic beverages, stocks, juices, and vinegar
créme fraîche, crema Mexicana, crème fraiche
créme fraîche
This slightly sour thick cream doesn't curdle when it's heated, so it's ideal for making cream sauces. It's also used for appetizers and as a dessert topping. To make your own: Warm one cup heavy cream to about 100°, then add one or two tablespoons of sour cream, cultured buttermilk, or plain yogurt (make sure you buy a brand that contains active cultures). Allow the mixture to sit at room temperature for at least nine hours before refrigerating.
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crème liqueurs
Despite the name, crème liqueurs contain no cream. Instead, they're liqueurs that have been heavily sweetened and have a thick, syrupy consistency. Don't confuse them with Irish cream liqueurs, which really are made with cream.
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curaçao, curacao
curaçao
Curaçao is an liqueur made from orange peels. It comes in blue, orange, red, green, and clear versions that all taste exactly the same. To make your own colored version, add one or two drops of food coloring to a cup of clear liqueur.
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Cynar
Cynar
This is a syrupy Italian liqueur that's made with artichokes, giving it a bittersweet flavor. It's good mixed with club soda
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dark corn syrup, dark Karo syrup
dark corn syrup
This corn syrup has a mild molasses flavor, and it's a common ingredient in barbecue sauce, pecan pie.
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dark rum, Jamaican rum
dark rum
Dark rum has a strong molasses flavor, and it's much heavier than white or amber rums. It's used to make Planter's Punch, but many people like to drink the expensive stuff neat. The best dark rum is made in Jamaica, but Martinique, Cuba, and Haiti are also important producers. Myers is a popular brand.
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dashi, Dash-no-moto, iriko dashi, katsuo dashi, koi dashi, konbu dashi
dashi
This is a very common Japanese soup stock, usually made with bonito flakes and kelp. Variations include katsuo dashi (made without kelp), konbu dashi (made without bonito flakes), niboshi dashi and iriko dashi (made with different kinds of fish; more flavorful than ordinary dashi), and koi dashi (made with vegetables). Dash-no-moto is an instant version.
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dashi powder
sold as hon dashi or Dashi-No-Moto
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de-alcoholized wine, dealcoholized wine
de-alcoholized wine
These aren't as flavorful as ordinary wine, but they're a good choice for people who want to drink wine without consuming alcohol. Sparkling wines are the most popular de-alcoholized wines, but other varieties are also available. Many brands contain small amounts of alcohol.
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demerara rum
This dark, heavy rum comes from Demerara River region in Guyana. It's often used to make Zombies.
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Dessert Wine
Dessert Wine
These are sweet wines that are served with (or instead of) dessert. Examples include fortified wines like port and sherry, and late harvest wines, which are made from grapes that have shriveled a bit, concentrating their sweetness. As a rule of thumb, a dessert wine should always be sweeter than the dessert it accompanies.
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double cream (42% fat)
double cream (42% fat)
This isn't available in the United States.
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draft beer, draught beer
draft beer
This refers either to beer that's stored in a keg or to unpasteurized beer in bottles or cans
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Drambuie
Drambuie
This is a Scottish liqueur made with Scotch, honey, and various herbs.
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dry vermouth, French vermouth, white vermouth
dry vermouth
Dry means "not sweet", and this popular style of vermouth is used to make many cocktails, including the martini.
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Dubonnet
Dubonnet
This is a French apéritif made with white or red wine and flavored with quinine and other herbs and spices. The white version is drier than the red
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evaporated milk, concentrated milk, condensed milk
evaporated milk
This is sold in cans, and comes either whole or nonfat. Don't confuse it with sweetened condensed milk, which has lots of sugar and is not a good substitute. While evaporated milk is sometimes called condensed milk, most recipes that call for condensed milk are referring to sweetened condensed milk. Evaporated milk is sold with varying amounts of butterfat, ranging from whole evaporated milk with about 8% to skim evaporated milk with about 0.5%. To reconstitute evaporated milk, combine it with an equal amount of water.
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falernum
falernum
This is a Caribbean cane syrup that's delicately flavored and slightly alcoholic. It's sometimes used in rum-based cocktails.
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Fernet Branca, Branca Menta, Fernet Branca bitters
Fernet Branca
This is a famous Italian brand of bitters that's supposed to ease hangovers. It's flavored with over 40 herbs and spices. Branca Menta is a mint-flavored version.
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flavored syrups
flavored syrups
These are often used to flavor Italian sodas or coffee. They come in dozens of flavors, but some of the most popular are vanilla, almond, raspberry, Irish cream, and hazelnut. Popular brands include d'Arbo, Monin, and Torani. To make your own: Make a simple syrup with equal parts sugar and water, then add flavored extract to taste. Store in the refrigerator.
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flavored vinegar, infused vinegar
flavored vinegar
These are vinegars that have been flavored, usually with herbs, fruit, garlic, or peppercorns. They're handy if you want to whip up a flavorful salad dressing or sauce in a hurry.
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flower liqueurs
These liqueurs are flavored with flowers. Examples include crème de violette and crème de rose.
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Fortified Wine
Fortified Wine
These are wines that have been fortified with brandy and sometimes flavored with herbs, roots, peels, and spices. The most popular examples are sherry, Madeira, Marsala, port, and vermouth. Fortified wines are often used in cooking, or they're served as apéritifs or dessert wines.
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framboise, framboise eau de vie, framboise eau-de-vie
framboise
This is a clear French fruit brandy that's made with raspberries. Don't confuse this with framboise liqueur, which is sweeter, or with framboise syrup, which is a non-alcoholic raspberry flavoring.
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Frangelico
Frangelico
This is a popular brand of hazelnut liqueur.
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French Colombard
This is a variety of grape that's often made into white jug wine.
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fruit brandies, aqua vitae, eaux de vie, eaux-de-vie, white alcohol
fruit brandies
While other brandies are distilled from fruit juice, fruit brandies are distilled from the entire fruit--skins, pits, and all. They're usually colorless, and fairly high in alcohol. Varieties include apricot brandy, plum brandy, kirschwasser (cherries), framboise (raspberries), fraise (strawberries), grappa (grapes), pisco (Muscatel grapes), mure (blackberries), and myrtille (bilberries). Don't confuse fruit brandies with the cheaper and cloyingly sweet fruit-flavored brandies.
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fruit vinegar
fruit vinegar
Fruit vinegars are assertive without being pungent, so they make terrific salad dressings. More healthful ones, too--since they're not as pungent as other vinegars, you can cut calories by using less oil. They're also good in marinades and in sauces for roasted meats, especially poultry, ham, pork, and veal. Popular commercial vinegars include raspberry vinegar, blueberry vinegar, and mango vinegar. They're easy enough to make at home, but seek out a trustworthy recipe. If too much fruit is added to the vinegar, it may not be sufficiently acidic to ward off harmful microbes.
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fruit wine
fruit wine
This is wine made from fruit other than grapes.
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fruit-flavored brandy
fruit-flavored brandy
This is brandy that has fruit flavoring and coloring added. Don't confuse these sweet liqueurs with the more elegant and expensive fruit brandy, which is distilled from whole fruit
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Galliano, Liquore Galliano
Galliano
This excellent Italian liqueur is flavored with anise and comes in a bottle that's one inch taller than your liquor cabinet. It's used to make Harvey Wallbangers and other cocktails.
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Gamay, Gamay Noir
Gamay
This name is given to American red wines made mostly from Pinot Noir and Valdiguie grapes. It's an unexceptional fruity wine that goes best with hearty dishes that have rich sauces. Don't confuse this wine with Gamay or Napa Gamay, both of which are superior. The name Gamay Beaujolais is scheduled to be phased out by 2007.
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Gamay Beaujolais
Gamay Beaujolais
This name is given to American red wines made mostly from Pinot Noir and Valdiguie grapes. It's an unexceptional fruity wine that goes best with hearty dishes that have rich sauces. Don't confuse this wine with Gamay or Napa Gamay, both of which are superior. The name Gamay Beaujolais is scheduled to be phased out by 2007.
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Gammel Dansk
Gammel Dansk
This Danish liqueur is flavored with 29 herbs and spices. It's usually served at room temperature.
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Gewürztraminer, Gewurztraminer, Traminer
Gewürztraminer
German and domestic versions of this white wine are somewhat sweet, flowery, and relatively low in alcohol. They're very good with curry and spicy Asian food. Imports from Alsace tend to be drier and are excellent with seafood and poultry.
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gin, American gin, dry gin, Dutch gin, English gin, Geneva gin, Hollands gin
gin
This is distilled from grains and similar to vodka except that it's flavored with juniper berries, herbs, peels, and spices. London gin = dry gin = English gin = London dry gin is the preferred gin for martinis and other mixed drinks. American gin is similar, but isn't quite as heavy and dry as London gin. Hollands gin = sweet gin = Dutch gin = Geneva gin = Jenever is sweeter and more aromatic than other gins and isn't normally used for mixed drinks. Don't confuse gin with sloe gin, which is sweetened.
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ginger ale
ginger ale
This is a non-alcoholic, pale amber, carbonated drink. It's used in various cocktails.
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Glayva
Glayva
This Scottish liqueur is whisky-based and flavored with herbs, fruit, and honey.
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goat's milk
goat's milk
This comes with varying percentages of butterfat. You can buy it fresh, or as powdered milk, canned evaporated milk, or UHT milk packed in aseptic containers. Fresh is best for drinking and delicate desserts, the other kinds pick up an unpleasant caramelized flavor when they're heated for packaging.
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Godiva liqueur
Godiva liqueur
This is a brand of chocolate liqueur.
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golden syrup, cane juice, cane syrup, jus de canne, light treacle
golden syrup
This amber-colored liquid sweetener is popular among British, Caribbean, and Creole cooks. It's made by evaporating sugar cane juice until it's thick and syrupy. Lyle's Golden Syrup and Steen's Pure Cane Syrup are popular brands.
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Goldschläger, Goldschlager
Goldschläger
This is a cinnamon schnapps with gold flakes floating in it. Imagine filling your mouth with red hots and washing them down with vodka.
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Goldwasser
This is a liqueur flavored with citrus peel, herbs, and spices. It has gold flakes floating in it.
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grain alcohol, ethanol, ethyl alcohol, grain neutral spirits, pure grain alcohol
grain alcohol
This is pure alcohol--odorless, tasteless, and very potent at 190 proof. Cooks use it to make liqueurs, but since it can also be used to purify crack cocaine, eyebrows may be raised if you buy a large bottle. Well-known brands include Everclear and Sunset. Grain alcohol should always be diluted before consumption, since it's so harsh and potent. Don't substitute methyl alcohol or rubbing alcohol for grain alcohol--both of these are toxic.
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Gran Torres
Gran Torres
This is a Spanish orange liqueur.
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